MS Greek 3
In Greek 3, students will continue their study of the alphabet forms, sounds, grammar, and vocabulary of Koine Greek (see note on Koine Greek below) with the received (modern) pronunciation. Topics covered will include:
• a review of concepts learned in Greek 2: first and second declension nouns and adjectives; the case system; present, imperfect, and future tense verbs; the verb of being; sentence patterns; and prepositions;
• the remaining tenses (aorist, perfect, pluperfect);
• moods (indicative, subjunctive, imperative; optative) and modes (infinitive, participle);
• contract and liquid verbs;
• personal and relative pronouns;
• third declension nouns;
• and Greek cultural and historical backgrounds.
Koine Greek was the language of Jesus and the Apostles and is part of the Orthodox Christian inheritance. By the end of the course, the young learners will have a basic understanding of Greek grammar and a solid foundation for further study of the Gospel, Evangelion, The Good News.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and God was the Word.” John 1:1
Saint Raphael’s School teaches what is often called “Koine Greek.” It is the dialect of Greek which was spoken throughout the Eastern Mediterranean following the conquests of Alexander the Great in the late 4th century BC and persisted throughout the Roman and Byzantine periods and eventually evolved into the Modern Greek language which is currently spoken in Greece today. Koine Greek is the dialect of Greek with which the New Testament was written (which is why is Koine Greek is often called “New Testament Greek”).
Along with the New Testament, the various services of The Eastern Church, hymns, prayers, and saints lives were also composed in Koine Greek. At Saint Raphael’s School, Koine Greek is taught using the “Modern” or “Received” pronunciation. This pronunciation is identical to that used by speakers of the Modern Greek language today, and it is also the pronunciation currently used for the liturgies and services of the Orthodox Church of Greece, and most of the Orthodox Churches under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarch, including The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America (GOARCH).
Composition book, Binder, and Colored pencils at the start of class.
- Greek English Dictionary
- Oxford Greek English Dictionary or Divry Greek English Dictionary
Beginning with New Testament Greek: An Introductory Study of the Grammar and Syntax of the New Testament by Benjamin L. Merkle and Robert L. Plummer
• The Curious Historian Level 2A: Greece and the Classical World (Student Edition)
• Hymns, Prayers, and Other Supplementals will be given by the instructor (families will be responsible to print hardcopies if needed).
• Charts for Beginning Greek Grammar and Syntax: A Quick Reference Guide to Beginning with New Testament Greek
• Biblingo Flashcards (digital resource)
o Desktop: https://biblingo.org/flashcards/ o Apple: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/biblingo/id6444049831
o Google Play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.biblingo.biblingo.mobile
• ParseGreek: Greek Quizzing (app) o Apple: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/parsegreek-greek-quizzing/id513370441
o Google Play: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.danzac.ParseGreek&hl=en_US&gl=US
*Required materials are not included in the purchase of the course.
Dustin Finch’s love for Greek began in the Fall of 2008 at Williams Baptist College (Walnut Ridge, AR), where he was later honored with the Zondervan Biblical Languages Award for Greek in 2009 and for both Greek and Hebrew in 2010. He graduated with an M.Div from Anabaptist Mennonite Biblical Seminary (Elkhart, IN) and was honored with the Gertrude Roten Excellence in Greek Exegesis award in 2019. Since becoming Orthodox, his love for Greek has only grown as he has read the Greek text of icons, hymns, liturgical services, the Symbol of Faith, lives of the saints, and the Fathers. Moreover, he has been learning to pray in Greek—using the Psalms and the prayers of the Church. He lives in Jonesboro, AR with his wife, Angela, his sons, Owen (14) and Wilkes (10), and his dog, Maggie. He is a member of St. John Orthodox Church in Memphis, TN.
Computer: You will need a stable, reliable computer, running with processor with a speed of 1 Ghz or better on one of the following operating systems: Mac OS X with MacOS 10.6 (Snow Leopard) or later; Windows 8, 7, Vista (with SP1 or later), or XP (with SP3 or later). We do NOT recommending using an iPad or other tablet for joining classes. An inexpensive laptop or netbook would be much better solutions, as they enable you to plug an Ethernet cable directly into your computer. Please note that Chromebooks are allowed but not preferred, as they do not support certain features of the Zoom video conference software such as breakout sessions and annotation, which may be used by our teachers for class activities.
High-Speed Internet Connection: You will also need access to high-speed Internet, preferably accessible via Ethernet cable right into your computer. Using Wi-Fi may work, but will not guarantee you the optimal use of your bandwidth. The faster your Internet, the better. We recommend using a connection with an download/upload speed of 5/1Mbps or better. You can test your Internet connection here.
Headset: We recommend using a headset rather than a built-in microphone and speakers. Using a headset reduces the level of background noise heard by the entire class.
Headset Recommendations: USB | 3.5mm
Zoom: We use a web conferencing software called Zoom for our classes, which enables students and teachers to gather from around the globe face to face in real time. Zoom is free to download and easy to use.
To download Zoom:
- Visit zoom.us/download.
- Click to download the first option listed, Zoom Client for Meetings.
- Open and run the installer on your computer.
- In August, students will be provided with instructions and a link for joining their particular class.
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This registration will be finalized when the student's placement assessment has been returned by the course instructor with placement confirmation.