Our Administrative Team
Joanne has been an educator since 2005, with a Master in Humanities from the University of Dallas. As director, she supervises the promotion, development, and operations of Scholé Academy, building a community that supports students and parents striving for restful classical education.
Presbytera Maria Koulianos
Presbytera Maria has been an educator since 1997 holding two Master Degrees from Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology in Brookline, MA and a Bachelor of Science in Education from Indiana University. As principal of Saint Raphael School, she is a servant-leader who is charged with building a community that supports students and parents striving for Orthodox restful classical education.
Fr. Noah Bushelli
Fr. Noah is an archpriest and father who is grateful for the success of St. Raphael School and Scholé Academy. He enjoys sharing his love for God and the Church with students, and stretching his teaching skills into cyberspace.
Educational Services Coordinator
Tutoring Center/CSLD Manager
Charissa joined Scholé Academy as an instructor in 2018. As the Tutoring Center/CSLD manager, she endeavors to offer excellent support and tailored assistance to SA families. She also crafts the weekly Scholé Academy eNewsletter and manages community special events.
Culture and Events Coordinator
Alison Haley began her work in education in 2003, and has M.Ed. in Curriculum and Instruction with an emphasis in Mathematics as well as a M.S. in Mathematics and Reading. As the Culture and Events coordinator, she helps develop the school community through the newsletter and special events. She supports instructors and the admin team through instructional technology assistance.
Systems Integrator & Tech Support
Customer Service Support Associate
Jocelyn Knittel, Customer Service Support Associate, earned a M.Ed. with emphasis in Special Education at The George Washington University and taught for twenty years in Maryland and Pennsylvania public schools. She resides in central Pennsylvania with her husband, three children and dog. Jocelyn loves Jesus, traveling, reading, hiking, cooking, baking and helping others.
InstructorsSt. Raphael School instructors are independent contractors who instruct, mentor, and shepherd students in online courses offered by the school. We are thrilled to have found so many fine educators to host our Orthodox courses. Our instructors bring with them a wealth of experience, knowledge, and passion for their courses. You can read more about them below.
Presbytera Maria Koulianos, Principal has been an educator for over 20 years, loving every minute, with vast experiences in both public and private schools as a classroom teacher, a developer and implementer of learning programs for students, and an area administrator. She earned her bachelor of science in education from Indiana University with certifications in elementary education, 7/8 non-departmental, language arts 1–9, and computer education K–12. She holds a master of divinity and a master of theology from Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology in Brookline, Massachusetts, where she wrote her thesis, “The Annunciation of the Theotokos from a Liturgical Perspective.” Presbytera Maria and her husband, Father Dionysios, live in the greater Springfield area where he is the Dean of Saint George Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Springfield, MA. She hopes to inspire her students to love literature and become lifelong learners. firstname.lastname@example.org
Father Noah Bushelli is grateful to be married to a living saint, Khouria Elizabeth, who homeschools their 7 marvelous children. He met his wife at a vespers service in Alaska and still remembers the joyous and awkward moment. He is an archpriest in the Antiochian Archdiocese and was received into the Orthodox Church in 1994. He graduated from University of Alaska Anchorage with a BEd in 2000, and then he and his wife moved to St. Vladimir’s Seminary. He graduated with an MDiv in 2004. His thesis explored St. John Chrysostom’s notion of the Church as a spiritual hospital. After serving St. Nicholas in Bridgeport, Connecticut, for three years, they moved to St. Philip in Souderton, Pennsylvania, in 2006. Fr. Noah is grateful to raise his family in this warm, generous, faithful, and vibrant community and is working very hard to meet the demands of parish life as well as focusing on “the one thing needful.” He spends his downtime taking walks, reading theology, changing diapers, telling stories to his children, and playing a little guitar. He is grateful for the success of St. Raphael School and Scholé Academy, excited to share his love for God and the Church with students, and looking forward to stretching his teaching skills into cyberspace. He thanks you for your prayers for him, his family, parishioners, and students! email@example.com
Father Nikolai Meyers is a native of Southern California. He holds a bachelor of arts in Bible and cross-cultural ministry from Manhattan Christian College, Manhattan, Kansas. He earned his master of divinity from St. Tikhon Orthodox Theological Seminary, in South Cannon, Pennsylvania. He was ordained Deacon in September of 2007 by His Eminence Metropolitan Joseph of the Antiochain Archdiocese at St. Tikhon Monastery in South Cannon, Pennsylvania, and to the holy Priesthood in July of 2008 by His Eminence at St. Andrew Orthodox Church in Riverside, California. He served 6 years as assistant pastor of St. John Orthodox Church in Memphis, Tennessee, and concurrently was the priest in charge of the St. Paul Orthodox Mission in Tupelo, Mississippi. From October of 2014 to July of 2019 he was the pastor of St. George Orthodox Church in New Hartford, New York, where he was also the spiritual adviser for Teen SOYO in the Antiochian Orthodox Diocese of Ottawa, Eastern Canada and Upstate New York. He now serves as the pastor of Sts. Peter and Paul Orthodox Church in Topeka, Kansas. He is married and has 5 children. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Father Timothy Hojnicki was born and raised in Wilmington, Delaware. He is a 2002 graduate from the University of Delaware, where he received his MDiv from St. Tikhon’s Orthodox Theological Seminary in May of 2005. In June of 2005 he was assigned to Holy Apostles Mission in Mechanicsburg, PA, where he currently serves as pastor. He has taught liturgics and homiletics at St. Tikhon’s Seminary, and given many retreats and talks over the years. He is married to his lovely wife, Anastasia, and has four children: Nicholas, Kyra, Elijah, and Joachim. He is excited for this class and looks forward to the continued opportunity and responsibility of teaching the faith for St. Raphael School! email@example.com
Fr. Daniel Bethancourt was born in Arizona. After several moves his family landed in Santa Fe, New Mexico, where he graduated from high school and attended St. John’s College, receiving a BA in Liberal Arts. He met his wife, Presvytera Maria, when she visited his church in Santa Fe on a business trip for the Orthodox Christian Mission Center. Eventually they both ended up at St. Vladimir’s Seminary in Crestwood, NY. Fr. Daniel graduated in 2007 with an MDiv; they were married that summer and returned for another year at the seminary, where Fr. Daniel worked as director of recruitment while Presvytera Maria finished her degree. In June of 2008 Fr. Daniel was ordained to the holy priesthood by His Grace, Bishop BASIL, and was assigned to St. Nicholas in Shreveport, LA, beginning an adventure that continues to the present. Now Fr. Daniel has served at St. Nicholas for 12, and has been the SOYO spiritual advisor for the Diocese of Wichita for 7 years. He is currently in a PhD program in Orthodox Studies with the Antiochian House of Studies. Fr. Daniel is grateful to God for his dear wife and two children, his lovely parish family, and countless other blessings, none of which he deserves. firstname.lastname@example.org
Fr. George Dahdouh was born in Sudan, Africa from an Egyptian/Syrian father and an Italian mother. He grew up in the Roman Catholic Church and was active in the ministries from his teen years. He traveled with priest and nuns on several mission trips in the Nuba Mountain of Sudan. When he finished high school, he left for Italy to attend Gregorian University of Rome with the goal to become a missionary in the Catholic Church. He also studied at the Studio Theologico Fiorentino, Florence, Italy focusing on philosophy and theology. Afterwards he went to Kenya for two years for his novitiate and worked among the Pckot tribe. In December 1986 he married his wife of blessed memory, Manal (Mary/Mimi). They have two adult children Andrew and Mary Magdalene. Within their married life, they came to the Orthodox Faith, but continued to work in secular positions. Fr. George worked for 10 years in banking and his wife and him owned their own catering business. In 1995, after finishing his my Bachelor in Christian Education from Felician University in NJ, he went on to graduate from St. Vladimir Orthodox Seminary in 1998 with an M.Div. He currently holds Doctor of Ministry Degree from Pittsburgh Theologian Seminary, class of 2013. He was ordained to the Diaconate on Pascha of 1997, and in July 6, 1997, he was ordained to the Holy Priesthood. He has been a parish priest for a few Antiochian parishes and now lives in Houston, Texas where he attends St. George Antiochian Orthodox Church. email@example.com
Danielle Bartko is an experienced Math and Science teacher, and Orthodox Church Cantor and Choir Director. She taught in public schools and a Montessori based Orthodox private school. She has served the American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese as a Cantor and Choir Director, and the Orthodox Church in America as a Choir Director. She spent countless summers at Camp Nazareth, first as a camper, and later as a counselor and chant teacher.
She holds degrees in Biology and Music from Lafayette College, and Secondary Teacher Certification from DeSales University. She has taught grades 5-12, and currently homeschools her children. She has experience in a variety of teaching methods, and has taught students with diverse academic needs. She is a lifelong learner, and has enjoyed growing and changing as an educator over the years. Her goal is to inspire her students to become lifelong learners as well.
Her Liturgical music education comes from a variety of coursework in Orthodox Music and Choral Directing. She has taken classes through Christ the Saviour Seminary and the OCA Liturgical Music Department, and independent study with Very Rev. Protopresbyter Michael Rosco and Professors Paul Hilko, George Hanas, Andrew Talarovich, and Jerry Jumba. Whenever she travels and visits a church, she will sneak into the choir loft, wait for an invitation to sing with the choir, and then ask for copies of good music to keep as a souvenir.
She grew up in New Jersey, but now lives in Pittsburgh PA with her husband and two young daughters. When she is not homeschooling her children or teaching classes, she enjoys gardening, jigsaw puzzles, SRS Iconography classes, visiting with friends and family, and going to the beach. firstname.lastname@example.org
Elias Diamond received his B.F.A. in drama from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh in 2013, where he received training in playwriting, acting, design, and theatre history and criticism. He has written several plays which have received production in Pennsylvania and New York, including Sense and Senselessness (produced by Pittsburgh City Theater) and The Park Bench Hero (Manhattan Repertory Theater and Tangent Theater). His plays and poetry have received several awards, including Carnegie Mellon’s Adamson Award and recognition from the American Academy of Poets.
In addition, Elias holds a Master of Divinity from Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, from which he graduated with highest honors. He has been blessed to be able to teach in the Crossroad program for two years in the past, and he currently works as a Pastoral Assistant at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. email@example.com
Elizabeth Crispina Johnson draws from both her experiential and academic backgrounds in her teaching. She started homeschooling the first of her 3 children in 1983, and continues homeschooling with 3 of her 8 grandchildren. As time allows, Elizabeth also writes children’s books, 4 of which have been published by Ancient Faith Publishing. She holds a master’s degree in intercultural training, a bachelor’s degree in Bible and theology, an associate’s degree in early childhood education, and also attended a 1-year missiology program at Fuller Theological Seminary. Elizabeth lives in western New York and attends St. John the Baptist Orthodox Church in Rochester. firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Erin Moulton has a deep love for education and has been teaching in some capacity for over two decades. She holds a PhD in Slavic linguistics from the University of Kansas and has also studied at Washington University in Saint Louis, Missouri, and in Saint Petersburg, Russia. In the past, she served as an instructor of Russian language, literature, and culture at University of Kansas. She has worked professionally as an editor, copywriter, and project manager in the fields of international compliance and revenue operations. She also serves as youth communications liaison for the Orthodox Church in America Diocese of the Midwest and as board president of the Orthodox Christian Translation Society. Erin and her husband, Christian, are parishioners at Holy Trinity Church in Overland Park, Kansas, where she teaches church school and assists in creating a multiyear cycle of curriculum for the parish. Erin and Christian have four children, all of whom she has educated at home over the past 15 years. email@example.com
Gabe Quinodoz graduated from Eastern University in December of 2019 with a B.A. in History. After graduation, he worked as an Assistant Teacher at Main Line Classical Academy in Bryn Mawr, PA. He is currently a student in the Masters of Arts in Teaching in Classical Education at Eastern University, and is very excited to put the wonderful knowledge and skills he is learning to use in teaching the students of Scholé Academy. Gabe loves and is experienced in teaching students of all ages. He hosts a history course for another online school and serves as a teacher at St. Philip’s Orthodox Church Sunday School and at their Summer Camp. He has previously served as an R.A. & T.A for the high school students in the Summer Scholars program at Eastern University. He is very thankful to be a part of Scholé Academy. Gabe enjoys going to church, spending time with his friends and siblings, walking, hiking, reading good stories and also trying to write them. firstname.lastname@example.org
Presvytera Kellie Tandilyan graduated from a Classical Christian high school in rural Montana before matriculating to Hilllsdale College to study Classical Languages and Literature. While there she was received into the Orthodox Church which led her to continue her studies at Hellenic College in Brookline, MA where she met and married a handsome seminarian from Armenia. She went on to receive her Master’s Degree in Education from the Waldorf Teacher training program at Antioch University with a thesis entitled “”Making Space for the Sacred: The Creative Arts and the Spritual Development of Children””. Presvytera recently also completed the Master’s of Divinity degree at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology.
A veteren homeschooling mom of three, she has been teaching in and out of the classroom for over twenty years. Presvytera Kellie and Father Anthony live in Wilimington, MA and serve the Dormition of the Virgin Mary parish in Somerville. When not teaching, Presvytera enjoys making music with her children, gardening, hiking and keeping company with their 11 chickens. email@example.com
Magda Skermo joins The St. Raphael School as the Greek 1.2 instructor. She is a native Greek speaker devoted to developing literacy and fluency in the Greek Language, Culture, and the Orthodox faith. Magda has over 15years experience educating Children and Adults for parishes with Greek Language Schools. In addition, she is a seasoned Nursery School teacher.
Magda began her career as a Greek Speaking Agent for Olympic Airways and eventually became the Group Sales Representative designated to International Study Tours & Pilgrimages. The witness of journeys through historic and holy regions where the stories of the Acts of the Apostles and New Testament epistles coming to life was what sparked her to begin providing educational services for the Greek community where there continues to be great emphasis on the cultivation and development of Greek identity.
Magda currently serves as the Holy Orthodox Primary Education and Junior Orthodox Youth Ministries in the position of Advisor for grades Pre-k through 6 at the Greek Orthodox Church of the Holy Trinity in Charleston, SC. She has been married for 29years years to her Ray, and they have 4 blessings named Maria, Christopher, Nicholas, and Alexandria. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr. Matthew Sutton has taught Russian language and literature at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Rhodes College in Memphis, TN, and as a teaching assistant at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He attends St. George Antiochian Orthodox Church in Fishers, IN with his fiancee, Allison.
Nicholas Roumas, originally from rural Massachusetts, now lives in the Midwest with his wife Sarah and their child. After originally studying engineering, he turned his attention to theology, which he pursued at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology and Marquette University. He also holds a certificate in Byzantine Music, and chants in church. Nicholas is bookish, dedicating his time to reading, writing, and teaching, as well as to singing and composing church music. email@example.com
Nickolas Karagiannis joins Saint Raphael School as an Upper School Humanities and New Testament Greek teacher. Nickolas holds a B.A. in History and Classics from Montclair State University in New Jersey, a M.A and a M.Phil. in Ancient and Medieval History from the Graduate Center of The City University of New York. He is currently a Ph.D. candidate working on a dissertation on early Byzantine hagiography.
Nickolas has taught various history and humanities courses at both two-year and four-year colleges throughout New York City. He is very excited to join Saint Raphael School and share his love of history, literature, the Greek language, and his Orthodox faith with Saint Raphael’s students.
Nickolas currently lives in New York City with his lovely wife Marianela. In his spare time he enjoys reading history, theology, and mythology, visiting the museums, parks and churches in New York City, traveling to his wife’s beautiful home country of Panama, watching NFL football, and drinking far too much coffee. firstname.lastname@example.org
Paul Murray is a 2021 graduate of Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, earning his Master of Divinity and Certificate in Byzantine Music. He has been chanting since the age of 10 at churches in the Antiochian and Greek Orthodox Archdioceses. He has studied under Fr. Romanos Karanos and briefly under Gabriel Cremeens. He has taught classes in Byzantine Chant at summer camps and other programs, and has given some private chanting lessons. He is currently the School Administrator of St. Herman of Alaska Christian School in Allston, MA, and serves as the Protopsaltis (lead chanter) of Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church in Newburyport, MA. He lives in Boston with his wife, Despina, who is also a chanter, and is pregnant with their first child, due in June 2022. email@example.com
Peter Bradshaw grew up on land in the warm chaparral of Southern California. He was introduced to the great works of the Western world through a Great Books program in high school. Peter studied English literature at Covenant College and hopes to complete his master’s through a distance program at New Saint Andrews College in the summer of 2020. Since graduating from Covenant, Peter has taught a range of subjects over the past six years. He particularly enjoys teaching Literature, History, Formal Logic, and Rhetoric. When not in the classroom, he enjoys painting, poetry, guitar, and watching the little unnoticed things of the world. He and his wife welcomed their first child at the end of March 2020. He is currently a catechumen in his local church where he currently lives and teaches in Cairo, Egypt. He is planning on enrolling in a Fluency of Ancient Greek program offered by the Polis Institute in Jerusalem in September 2020. firstname.lastname@example.org
Ramona V. Saridakis Bean, a first generation Greek-American, born in Vero Beach and raised in Palm Beach County, Florida. After finishing at Cardinal Newman High School in 1996, graduated from University of Florida in 2001 after completing a student-athlete career as a Lady Gator Cross-Country and Track runner with a B.A. in English.
Served as a congressional aide for former U.S. Rep. Mark A. Foley, serving a legislative portfolio that included Ways and Means appropriations and issues regarding education and the environment. Followed with an appointee position for President George W. Bush’s administration in the office of Secretary Henry Paulson Jr. at the U.S. Department of the Treasury.
Currently serving as “CEO of the Home” administering home and online education for three children, managing care of a widowed grandfather 96 years young, and recently acquired her MBA degree from University of Florida in December 2020.
Her other teaching pursuits include helping Saint Mark Greek Orthodox Church in Boca Raton with their Sunday School program and her children’s Greek School.
In addition to serving as a parish council member at Saint Mark, she’s a volunteer for Junior League of the Palm Beaches and a member of the Citizens Advisory Committee for the Palm Beach Transportation Planning Authority.
Ramona loves running, singing, painting, gardening and helping others. email@example.com
Randi Maria Sider-Rose began painting icons over 20 years ago when she was able to travel to learn from different iconography teachers across the country. Since then, she has married Michael Sider-Rose and completed an MDiv at the University of Chicago Divinity School. As well as taking commissions from churches and individuals, Mrs. Sider-Rose loves to walk with students on the journey of learning to see better and more intentionally, using this “prayer of the hands” to grow in holiness, with God’s grace. Homeschooling her four children in an urban fixer-upper strewn with books, art projects, and Legos helps keep the whole operation real.
Mrs. Sider-Rose and her family attend Saint Moses the Black Orthodox Mission Church in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where she has been blessed by His Grace Bishop Thomas to serve in the ministry of iconography.
For more information about Mrs. Sider-Rose’s process, please visit her website at www.immanuelicons.org.
Kh. Rima Zafaran has a love for learning and a deep enjoyment of chanting and teaching. She is Lebanese, married to a Syrian Priest, has four children and Lives in Pennsylvania. Khouria Rima has a bachelor’s degree of Theology from St John of Damascus, Balamand, Lebanon.
She is well versed in Byzantine music and leads a children and adult choir at her parish. She has spent more than 30 years teaching choirs, religion, and the Arabic Language. Her Love to Her native Language makes her very excited to teach it to the students in a fun and professional way. firstname.lastname@example.org
Sarah Fothergill has been teaching for 13 years. She holds a BA in 7-12 English and History Education and an MA in Secondary Curriculum and Instruction from the University of Nebraska at Kearney. Throughout her career, Sarah has taught writing, literature, and speaking to both middle and high school students. Sarah offers her students a passion for studying literature, history, poetry, and nature, and looks forward to helping them learn, grow, and reflect on “the good, the true, and the beautiful” in everything. In addition to teaching, Sarah is blessed to serve as Youth Ministry Coordinator and chanter at St. George Orthodox Church in Kearney, Nebraska. She also loves spoiling her two young nieces, reading, writing, gardening, coffee and conversation with friends, and spending time with her husband and two cats. email@example.com
Sarah Roumas is delighted to join St. Raphael School. She received a bachelor’s degree in physics from Harvard University, a master of theological studies and a master of theology degree from Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology in Brookline, Massachusetts, and a Ph.D in liturgical theology from the University of Notre Dame. She studies the development of the Byzantine liturgical books and biblical interpretation in Byzantine hymns. Her dissertation was on the hymns of Lazarus Saturday in Greek manuscripts of the Triodion. She is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, where she chants at St. Andrew’s Greek Orthodox Church and lives with her husband Nicholas and baby son, Anthony. firstname.lastname@example.org
Sarah Smith– Shalom! Or should I say, שלום! My name is Sarah Smith and I am very excited to join St. Raphael School this year. I am a wife, a mom of two young kids, and an avid reader. I joined the Orthodox Faith with my Chrismation in 2019 along with my husband. Before I inquired into the Orthodox faith I was an associate pastor in the Method church – specially there to serve the youth. I love the honest questions, the search for truth, and the fun-loving nature of teenagers.
Old Testament is more than something I study – it’s my absolute passion! I received my BA in Biblical Studies at Olivet Nazarene University in 2013 and continued my education with an MDiv at Asbury Theological Seminary in 2017 where I spent all my electives on the Ancient Near East. Some of my specialties include Biblical archaeology – I spent a summer living in Israel digging at Tel Abel Beth Maacah – as well as Biblical Hebrew as I was the teaching assistant and grader for two years in Seminary).
I came into the Orthodox Faith by way of Old Testament study – when I first attended the Divine Liturgy I was brought to tears because I saw the worship of the Old Testament taking place in front of me. My year as a catechumen was spent wrestling with theological ideas and personal ideas I had to let go of, but I never looked back. Orthodoxy is a clear continuation of the Faith of our ancient ancestors. I’m excited to get to know you and I hope to see you in one of my classes! email@example.com
In Memoriam: Fr. Porphyrios passed away on April 16, 2020.
CLICK HERE to read the interview done by the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdoecise of North America regarding the founding of St. Raphael School in 2013.
Fr. Porphyrios (Dr. James Stephen Taylor) was born in Chicago, Illinois, and was raised in Columbia, Missouri, where he attended the public schools and the University of Missouri. He received his bachelor’s degree in humanities and his master’s degree in English from Southern Illinois University. The University of Kansas, Lawrence, was the setting for his doctorate in philosophy of education, and was where he attended courses in the famous integrated humanities program with professors John Senior and Dennis Quinn. At KU he taught freshmen and sophomore English and literature as well as undergraduate and graduate courses in the philosophy of education. Upon graduation, Taylor taught in middle and high schools, parochial schools, and preparatory academies, including St. Mary’s Academy (Kansas), Wichita Collegiate School, and Topeka Collegiate School. For 5 years he was assistant, then associate, professor of the education department at Hillsdale College, Michigan. For 2 of those years he served as department chair. He held regular classes using the Good and Great Books as part of the teacher preparation program. His last collegiate position was at the University of Tulsa, also in the department of education, where his specialties were philosophy of education in the graduate school, and children’s literature classes for future elementary and middle school teachers. Dr. Taylor is also the author of Poetic Knowledge, a book often used and cited in the renewal of classical Christian education.
Dr. Taylor’s father, a newspaperman and writer for the Associated Press, became editor of the Missouri Alumnus magazine and a popular speaker. Taylor’s mother was a fourth-grade teacher and librarian for Columbia public schools. James Taylor was raised in the Methodist church. His journey to Orthodoxy may have well begun there while, during a lengthy sermon, he gazed at the engraving on the wooden pulpit: “The Truth Shall Make You Free.” He was pleasantly surprised years later to learn that John Wesley, founder of Methodism, was an Anglican minister deeply read in the fathers of the Church. Later, he began a tour through the various expressions of Roman Catholicism, particularly traditional Benedictine monasticism, then spent several years with a Byzantine Rite, and finally arriving, somewhat broken but not beyond repair, at peace in the Orthodox Church.
After a five year odyssey, Taylor has now been tonsured monk as Fr. Porphyrios, and resides in a monastery in northwest Missouri.